The field of bioengineering is a relatively new one. It combines the fields of biology and engineering to create new technologies and products. The first bioengineering degree program was established in the late 1960s, and since then, the field has grown rapidly.
Bioengineers use their knowledge of biology to solve problems that are related to biology. They may work on medical issues, such as developing new treatments for diseases or creating artificial organs for transplantation. They may also work on environmental issues, such as finding ways to clean up polluted water or air. Bioengineers may also use their knowledge of engineering to solve biological problems. For example, they may use their knowledge of materials science to develop artificial materials that are more compatible with human cells than the materials currently used in medical devices. They may also design new machines that can be used in medicine or research.
In addition to solving problems related to biology and engineering, bioengineers are also working on developing new technologies that can be used in other areas, such as computer technology or transportation technology. For example, bioengineers have developed a type of artificial skin that can be used in prosthetic limbs so that people who have lost limbs can feel what they touch [source: Bioengineering Institute]. This type of skin could also be used in robots so that they can better interact with humans [source: Bioengineering Institute].
Bioengineering is a very broad field, so it's difficult to pinpoint specific job titles for bioengineers. The tools and techniques used by bioengineers depend on what they're working on at the time. For example, if they're working on a medical problem, they might use computer modeling programs to simulate how a certain material will interact with human cells [source: Bioengineering Institute]. If they're working on an environmental problem, they might use chemical analysis equipment to determine the concentration levels of pollutants [source: Bioengineering Institute].