If you're planning a trip to Colombia, you may be wondering what to see and do. The country's diverse geography and rich history make it a fascinating destination for tourists. Here are some of the top tourist attractions in Colombia.
1. Coffee Region
The coffee region of Colombia is one of the most important agricultural areas in the world. Coffee is grown in the mountains and valleys of the Andes, where it has been cultivated since the early 1800s. The coffee region is also home to some of the country's most famous landmarks, including the city of Medellin, which was once known as "the city of eternal spring".
2. Tayrona National Park
Tayrona National Park is located on the Caribbean coast in northern Colombia. It's one of the most popular tourist destinations in Colombia because it offers visitors a chance to explore beautiful beaches and tropical rainforests.
3. Cartagena de Indias
Cartagena de Indias is located on Colombia's Caribbean coast and has been a popular tourist destination since colonial times [source: Smithsonian]. Today, it's known for its historic architecture, which includes Spanish colonial buildings that date back to the 16th century.
Bogota is one of South America's largest cities and its capital city. It's also one of South America's most important cultural centers because it has more museums per capita than any other city in Latin America.
5. San Agustin Archaeological Park
San Agustin Archaeological Park features several pre-Colombian sites that were built by indigenous people between 800 A.D. and 1450 A.D., including an ancient city that was once home to more than 5,000 people.
Salento is located in southern Colombia and is known for its colorful houses painted with bright colors like yellow, orange, red, and blue.
Guatape is located about an hour from Medellin on Colombia's scenic Magdalena River Valley. It offers visitors a chance to explore beautiful waterfalls like El Peñol de Guatapé, which rises about 100 feet (30 meters) above the river valley floor.
8. Cartagena Aquarium
The Cartagena Aquarium features more than 1,000 species from around the world including sharks, rays, sea turtles, and piranhas.
Cali is located about an hour from Medellin on Colombia's scenic Magdalena River Valley. It offers visitors a chance to explore beautiful waterfalls like El Peñol de Cali (also known as El Penol), which rises about 100 feet (30 meters) above the river valley