Why Is the Field of Geology Important?

Geology is the study of Earth's structure, composition, and history. Geologists are scientists who explore the earth to learn about its past, present, and future. They use their knowledge to help people understand how natural processes affect our lives today -- from earthquakes that threaten communities to oil drilling in remote areas.




Geologists work in a variety of fields including mining, environmental protection and construction. Some geologists specialise in specific areas such as volcanoes or glaciers while others focus on particular types of rocks or minerals.



The field has been around for centuries; Aristotle was one of the first known geologist-philosophers who studied fossils found near Athens more than 2,000 years ago.


In fact it wasn't until 1822 that William Smith published his book "Strata Identified by Organised Fossils" which helped him identify different layers within rock formations across England (and later Europe).


This led him to create what we now know as geological maps -- an important tool used by modern day geologists when studying land formations throughout the world. In this article we'll look at some basic concepts related to this fascinating science so you can better understand why it's important for us all! ­On average there are two new earthquakes every minute somewhere on Earth but most go unnoticed because they're too small or occur under water where no one is around t­o feel them .


But even though these quakes may not be felt by humans they still have a significant impact on our planet because they cause changes deep inside Earth's crust over time through plate tectonics (more about that next).

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